BBC Bitesize - Higher History - John Balliol and Edward I - Revision 1
During the first two years of his reign, John Balliol attempted to exert his authority as While Balliol dealt with legal cases in his parliament, Edward's insistence on hearing Relations between Scotland and England finally broke down over King in the year of our Lord one thousand two hundred and ninety-two, and in the. 1. John was forced to recognise Edward's over lordship before the Great Cause began. This means that their relationship was unequal from the beginning. (The relationship between John Balliol and Edward I). Sub Issue 1: John Balliol's difficulties in ruling Scotland. Sub Issue 2: Scottish responses to Edward's.
Too bad, so sad!
The Relationship between John Balliol and Edward I
The Wars of Independence Activity 4: Did the Guardians take power or share power with King John? Why was Scotland so easily subjugated in ?
The Wars of Independence 1. The Wars of Independence Write a paragraph in your own words summarising the evidence that the Guardians took power and summarising the evidence that they shared power. The Wars of Independence Write a paragraph in your own words summarising why Scotland was so easily subjugated by Edward in The Wars of Independence Issue 2: The source further illustrates the unequal relationship between the Kings as it states that John suffered insults from Edward contrary to his kingly rank.
It also fails to show that Edward I also demanded feudal military forces from Scotland to go to war against France inthis showed that Edward regarded King John like one of his regional Barons and expected him to do military service for him. John was imprisoned in the Tower of London and sent in exile to his families lands in France.
Edward chose John Balliol - ppt video online download
Edward believed he had the feudal right to do this. The source tells us that Edward crossed into Scotland to subjugate the Scots with a vast army of men. Edward began his subjugation of Scotland by besieging and then sacking Berwick and putting thousands of men, women and children to the sword.
Robert the Bruce the competitor sided with Edward at this time as he had lands in England. This explains how Edward attacked Berwick by land and sea. Edward intended to bring the Scottish Kingdom fully under his administration. The source fails to explain that Scotland was subjugated easily in because many of the Scottish nobles failed to support Balliol and chose to remain outside the fight or sided with Edward I. Furthermore the source fails to mention the humiliation and stripping of the title of the King of Scots from John Balliol.
Wars of Independence - John Balliol, king of Scotland,
When his baggage was examined at Doverthe Royal Golden Crown and Seal of the Kingdom of Scotland, with many vessels of gold and silver, and a considerable sum of money, were found in his chests. Edward I ordered that the Crown be offered to St. Thomas the Martyr and that the money be returned to John for the expenses of his journey.
But he kept the Seal himself. Over the next few years, there were several Scottish rebellions against Edward for example, in under William Wallace and Andrew Moray.
The rebels would use the name of "King John", on the grounds that his abdication had been under duress and therefore invalid. This claim came to look increasingly tenuous, as John's position under nominal house-arrest meant that he could not return to Scotland nor campaign for his release, despite the Scots' diplomatic attempts in Paris and Rome.
Afterhe made no further attempts to extend his personal support to the Scots. Effectively, Scotland was left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in John was survived by his son Edward Balliolwho later revived his family's claim to the Scottish throne, received support from the English, and had some temporary successes.
John was also the brother-in-law to John Comyn, who was killed following a scuffle with Robert the Bruce in Februaryat Dumfries Cathedral. Opinion remains divided on who started the fight and who exactly killed Comyn.
It has been established that John and Isabella had at least one child: Edward BalliolScottish pretenderd. However, other children have been linked to the couple as other possible issue: He was killed in the Battle of Annan on 16 Decemberleaving no issue.