Free Essay: Language today is a very misleadingly complex subject. Language in Culture The relationship between language and culture is as old as . What is the relationship between language and culture? Based on the notions described above, it is clear that the language was intended in this paper is a communication tool .. great post i like it Pakistani Chat Rooms you can join it free. Free intercultural relationships papers, essays, and research papers. In any culture, language is much more than words and strict meanings, much more than .
When we utter the concept in speech form then we do an Illocution. Cohen said as the social function that the utterance or written text has. For example, the execution of an order by the addressee Renkema, In other words, Perlocution appears just because the effect of the concept and speech uttered.
Cohen explain Perlocution as the result or effect that is produced by the utterance in that given context. In expressing a language or acting a speech then we must refer to a philosophy of a language that has been exposed previously above.
This is important to understand before performing the speech or expression because this contains a philosophical utterance as Searle stated the study of speech acts seemed to lie clearly on the side of the philosophy of language, and until the past few years most of the research on speech acts was done by philosophers and not by linguists Searle, That is why the nuance of language has the effect or influence of the hearers.
The definition of language has been explicitly rolled out before in many definitions. A language is general; any tool of communication but speech is the unit of a language by which language is structured, arranged and uttered through capability of human being to use the language.
The way someone acts a speech is really determined by human thought. Brain has a mind to think about thinking and "Mind" refers to the part of you that is capable of thought.
The process of thinking creates thought; so, thought is the deposit of a mind. According to Bohm, thought is nothing more than a form of reflex and conditioning. When we are thinking of something then we reflexively churn the deposit and conditioned various kinds of concept in the thought.
Everything we think is becoming a thought in the mind which belongs to the brain. So, the 'mind' is just our everyday way of saying the 'brain'. The relation of these three terms is really unique and interesting. The reason, all living things philosophically have a language. Animals and plants are also having language; symbols which are the language but they are not able to use it in terms of acting a speech to communicate.
Another case with human beings, they have language or symbols and they are able to use it to communicate in conveying information to understand. Human languages are known to be much more uniform than was at one time thought, which may be one reflection of their neurological basis Trimble: This is however the thing that differs to animals and plants. Previously stated that human has language to communicate and human has brain in which thoughts deposited in mind.
Thought covers a number of different mental activities Hudson: When human beings try to communicate, they will have capability to act a speech in any interaction that they make because one feature that sets human communities apart from animal communities is the use of language Lund: The use of language refers to the capability of acting a speech in interaction.
Language is the tool and speech is the way to use the tool. No matter how good the tool is, but if we do not know and cannot use it properly based on the function then the tool is absolutely meaningless.
That is so, although the language is good but if we do not have ability to use it in a speech act then it will be meaningless at all. This ability to act a speech is actually determined by maturity of mind in which thoughts exist. Amajian stated that speech act is an act performed in uttering expressions. Dealing with uttering expressions then we should pay attention to the act of uttering sounds, syllables, words, phrases, and sentences from a language.
So, speech act emphasizes the functions, aesthetics, and ethics of a language production. Thoughts which are the basic deposit in mind will enable brain to command nerves of articulators to construct and utter those speech items.
The Definition of Culture What actually do the people think of the entire world, the other people, the things around them, and even of themselves? How do people respond to what they see, think, and perceive and what will be the effect on them? How do people behave based on their thought? All the questions above will bring us to the complexity of the term of Culture. Kroeber and Kluckhohn stated culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievements of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional i.
From the 18th century, debates surrounding the merits and demerits of ancient and modern culture one can trace the developing historical understanding from a limited awareness of the historicity of culture and science to the full recognition of the historical nature of art and knowledge Oergel: So, we will cover all terms deal with culture in this paper.
The following definitions of a culture will vary in understanding but they basically have been included in the previous definition: The essence of a culture is not its artifacts, tools, or other tangible cultural elements but how the members of the group interpret, use, and perceive them.
People within a culture usually interpret the meaning of symbols, artifacts, and behaviors in the same or in similar ways. These patterns and models pervade all aspects of human social interaction. Culture is mankind's primary adaptive mechanism" Damen, L: All things that affect on human beings and affect on the things are categorized as a Culture. Chomsky even said to approach to Linguistic or Language Relativity - I believe without exception, depart from the commonsense notion in several ways; these departures also affect the concepts of knowledge or understanding of language, use of language, rule of language, rule-guided linguistic behavior, and others A linguistic relativity hypothesis says that some particular aspect of language influences some particular aspect of cognition.
In the other words, some linguistic items can influence the way one thinks of. Because this is just a hypothesis then we should give a test in order to raise the truth of it.
This is a kind of Linguistic Relativity in terms of Lexicon. The same case happened when I was being in Balikpapan, Kalimantan Timur. I am a Torajanese and of course I am from Sulawesi. Mostly people in Sulawesi have a concept of Taxi as a public transportation which is a brand of a type of Sedan. When I first arrived in Balikpapan, my uncle asked me out to look around. It was accidently becoming above the common in my mind to leave for looking around by Taxi and of course it would be so expensive, I thought.
I had time to think that people in Balikpapan were categorized as middle to upper economy level. Next example of linguistic relativity is the linguistic item concerns with Phonology. InI was in Surabaya for an International Seminar. The next day after arrival, I was looking for socks and I found a store nearby my hotel. She knew that so a Makassarese was. Herder in Sikka said that different societies and ages hold distinct systems of belief regarding what is good and bad, right and wrong, and that there are no objective, transhistorical, and transcultural criteria for judging between these systems.
In this sense of cultural relativity, a culture is thought as a paradigm case which has freedom of the will. No one can deny or judge it as wrong thought or custom. I was born in other region that brings me into another concept of thought because I do not grow up in Toraja but in Kolaka where indigenous people are Tolakinese. People of Tolaki then of course have different way of life, thinking, philosophy, etc. I grew up in those cultural items and I realize that many things are really far from my ethnicity; Toraja.
I do then free to manifest my own thought, philosophy, belief, custom, and things that I have grown in it up. My original custom as Torajanese has gone long time ago and I am not with some beliefs of Torajanese but I do appreciate them as diversity of a culture.
Cooper stated that diversity can be seen as constitutive of freedom to the extent it makes it practically possible for people to choose and live out different kinds of lives. Individual cultural diversity is really complex if we see it in the narrow point of view, so we should leave our culture behind then we try to figure out what are the same as ours and what are the difference.
In order to be more standing up on our culture, we should lift the restriction up to the concept of diversity. One point of a diversity or distinction is that we concern with a freedom but here is not a freedom of uncontrolled system. We still have something that control the freedom itself by which we are free but still controlled based on the norm and aesthetic of the environment of social culture.
An uncontrolled freedom will bring us to an anarchy that can break the country up. There is actually the relationship between Culture and thought and it is applicable to the way of how one lives. Whatever we do, we think, we behave, there must be the influence of thought concerning with what do.
When we contact to the environment then we will soon contact to culture and when we contact to the culture then we start to think and respond to what we have seen, perceived, and heard. Our brain will be active to process it in mind then become a thought of a concept. As Styles said that to enable us to interact safely with real objects in the environment, the brain encodes and makes available many sources of information about the properties of objects Styles: Culture is the collective programming of the mind; Culture is as shared knowledge; Culture is the concept of nature.
Mostly these sentences are concerned with a system of cognitive. The changing of the thought system is very influenced by an intercultural environment. The system is changed when any culture is seen and perceived that can lead to a behavior changing.
Languages are transmitted across generations, and what is transmitted along with them is a way of thinking: The system of thought is the way of thinking itself; culture is the result of the system of thought which contains the way of thinking and it is happened over and again so as to shape perspective to the new concept of behavior.
When a behavior is formed with its concept in thought then it will be a custom of life that we call Culture.
Whatever comes to human five sense will be received by cognitive then process it to create new concept on an object seen, perceived, and learned then the result will influence the previous concept in mind to create new concept. The influence then will depend on the strength of the previous thought. Delta Connection of Language, Culture, and Thought. Most of us usually just point out two terms concern with language, Culture, and Thought.
We just correlate the two terms; Language and Culture, and ignore another one; Thought. What is the relationship between language and culture? What role does culture play with language? Language as one element of culture has a very important role in human life. Language allows a person communicating with others in meeting their needs.
Thus, it can be said is the main function of language as a communication tool. This does not mean that the language has only one function.
Another function is as a tool to express self-expression, a tool to make integration and social adaptation, as well as a tool to hold social control. Similar opinion was also expressed by Sitindoan Based on the notions described above, it is clear that the language was intended in this paper is a communication tool produced by the tool man has said symbol, system, meaning, and social are arbitrary and culturally. Every language has a symbol. With the symbol will facilitate communication, although not directly dealing with the object.
This is because each symbol already contains a concept or understanding. In order for the meaning of the symbols are understood, every language user must understand and follow the system language is used. Language system contains rules or rules that must be obeyed by the user's language. If not obeyed, the delivery information may be chaotic or communication cannot happen.
Languages are arbitrary means no direct relationship between the symbol with the symbolized. Symbolic emergence of an object is based on the convention. However, even so to be able to understand a language must be studied and used as a communication tool. Thus culture can be defined as a "system of rules of communication and interaction that allows a society occurs, preserved, and preserved".
Culture that gives meaning to all business and human movements. Similarly, between the Indonesian and Indonesian culture. This is because human beings live alongside Indonesia in a unit area of ethnic communities, also live in a unity of the Republic of Indonesia.
In this regard, they hold one culture, according to the conception of insight archipelago, Indonesia is the national culture Geriya, Furthermore formally Indonesia normative cultural system and set the whole human Indonesian society. There are two functions of cultural systems that Indonesia is very important, namely: Culture can also be interpreted as "the activities and the creation of the mind reason people like: Based on this understanding, we can say that only humans have culture.
This is due to living things is people who have sense and reason to generate culture. In addition to the above two terms, the notion of culture can also be viewed from the corner of Sciences Anthropology. In this regard, culture the culture is defined as "the entirety of the conduct and results of regular human behavior by the administration that must be acquired behaviors by learning and all are arranged in life".
Culture in this case is understood as a learned behavior and conducted by a group of people, cultures obtained from others by learning from the community. Culture also includes everything that is the result of creativity, initiative, and the work of humans in an effort to improve the standard of living and adapt to their environment.
As a system, the culture needs to be seen from the embodiment of human life associated with the ideas, behaviors, and material that are influenced by various aspects.
Based on the notions above can be concluded is meant by culture is a result of creative initiative, and the work of humans in an effort to improve the standard of living and adapt to their environment. These limits are more emphasized on the fact that humans are capable of producing culture, because humans are living beings who have mind and reason.
Relationship between culture and language. It is often held that the function of language is to express thought and to communicate information. Language also fulfills many other tasks such as greeting people, conducting religious service, etc.
LANGUAGE, CULTURE, and THOUGHT | Fernandes Arung - employment-agency.info
Language is the primary vehicle of communication; 2. Language reflects both the personality of the individual and the culture of his history. In turn, it helps shape both personality and culture; 3.
Language makes possible the growth and transmission of culture, the continuity of societies, and the effective functioning and control of social group. It is obvious that language plays a paramount role in developing, elaborating and transmitting culture and language, enabling us to store meanings and experience to facilitate communication.
The function of language is so important in communication that it is even exaggerated by some scholars. The most famous one is the hypothesis of linguistic determinism concerning the relationship between language and culture, which Nida regards as misconceptions constituting serious difficulties for cross-cultural understanding.
The problem of the relationship between language, culture and thought bothered many linguists and philosophers since ancient time. To think about this problem, we need to begin with the definition of language and culture. Language is generally accepted as a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.
And there is a most widely accepted definition of culture: Linell Davis The definitions of language and culture imply that the two are closely connected to each other. On one hand, culture seems so inclusive, it permeates almost every aspect of human life including languages people use. On the other hand, when people need to share a culture, they communicate through language. Howeverthe definition alone can not provide us with a clear understanding on the relationship between language and culture.
Problems remains unsolved as: And does language influence the culture in return? If soin what way?