Merchant of Venice study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text Portia and Nerissa 24 Some scholars have interpreted the relationship between Antonio and Bassanio as. and find homework help for other The Merchant of Venice questions at eNotes. Nerissa is Portia's servant, and of a lower social class, but she seems to act more as a 2 educator answers; What is the relationship between Antonio and Bassanio? The Merchant of Venice Quiz · The Merchant of Venice Lesson Plans. and find homework help for other The Merchant of Venice questions at of Venice, what are the relationships between Portia and Nerissa and Portia and.
When Launcelot delivers Bassanio's dinner invitation to Shylock, he also delivers this cryptic message to Jessica. Jessica understands its meaning: Lorenzo received her message and has promised to meet her so they can elope. The Prince of Morocco selects the gold casket, reasoning that it would be an insult to Portia's beauty to put her portrait in any but the most valuable of the three caskets.
However, the gold casket contains a death's head and a scroll telling him he has lost his suit. This quote is the first line of the scroll. It reminds him that a flashy appearance is not necessarily evidence of inner worth. But since I am a dog, beware my fangs.
We'll see our husbands before they think of us.
The Merchant of Venice - Character
You that choose not by the view, Chance as fair, and choose as true! Which when you part from, lose, or give away, Let it presage the ruin of your love.Character Of Portia(Merchant of Venice)Long Answer,for the class of 12
The paper as the body of my friend, And every word in it a gaping wound Issuing lifeblood. I had it of Leah when I was a bachelor. I would not have given it for a wilderness of monkeys. After Antonio's ships were lost, Shylock has him arrested immediately for forfeiture of the bond.
When Antonio pleads with him for a hearing, Shylock refuses to listen, recalling that Antonio has called him a dog "a cur". Now Antonio must fear Shylock's vengeful fangs. Portia explains her plan to Nerissa. They will disguise themselves as men, Balthasar and his servant, and go to the court in Venice to help Antonio.
Portia means that their husbands, Bassanio and Gratiano, will see their wives, but will not recognize them. This is the beginning of the scroll in the lead casket, Bassanio's choice. It announces that he has made the correct choice and may claim Portia as his wife. The scroll commends Bassanio for not relying solely on outward appearances. After Bassanio selects the right casket, Portia gives him a ring as a symbol of their love. She warns him that if he ever parts with the ring, it will mean the end of their love.
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The subplot involving the rings is dramatically useful. After the climax of the casket plot and the resolution of the trial of Antonio, Shakespeare needed something to keep the audience's attention focused on the lovers. Quotes Next Question Main Menu 5. Bassanio has just received a letter from Antonio explaining that all his ships were lost, and he is at Shylock's mercy. He explains to Portia why he is in debt to his friend.
The "gaping wound" image emphasizes the strength of his friendship with Antonio and also refers to the terms of the loan from Shylock, a pound of Antonio's flesh if he doesn't pay up. Quotes Next Question Main Menu 6. When Tubal visits Shylock, he tells him that a merchant showed him a ring that he traded Jessica for a monkey.
In an emotional statement, he admits that the ring, given to him by his wife Leahhas great sentimental value. The image he uses, "a wilderness of monkeys," is an example of Shakespeare's brilliant use of imagery. Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir'st. The quality of mercy is nor strained. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven.
By my soul there is no power in the tongue of man to alter me. Portia says this to Shylock as she warns him that the bond calls for a pound of flesh, but not a drop of blood. If he spills any Christian blood, he will die and all of his property will be confiscated by the state of Venice.
These are the first lines of Portia's famous "mercy speech. It is an eloquent appeal to show mercy for mercy's sake. She describes it as a quality that is "enthroned in the hearts" of the most powerful monarchs, and even "an attribute to God himself. After Portia as Balthasar looks over the terms of the bond, she notices that Antonio has offered three times the amount of the loan and again asks Shylock to be merciful and destroy the bond.
This quote is Shylock's irrevocable response. As Shylock prepares to cut out Antonio's flesh, Antonio asks to be commended to Bassanio's new wife, who can judge for herself Antonio's devotion to his friend.
In this response, Bassanio emotionally offers to sacrifice his life, his wife, and all the world in order to deliver Antonio from this fate. Portia comically responds that his wife would not thank him for that, if she were near enough to hear his words.
Give order to my servants that they take No note at all of our being absent hence; Nor you, Lorenzo; Jessica, nor you. I had it of him. Pardon me, Bassanio, For by this ring the doctor lay with me. Let us go in; And charge us there upon inter'gatories, And we will answer all things faithfully. Before Bassanio and Gratiano arrive in Belmont, Portia instructs Lorenzo, Jessica and her servants not to reveal that she and Nerissa have been away from Belmont.
Portia wants to reveal their charade at a time of her own choosing, for maximum shock effect on Bassanio. By yonder moon I swear you do me wrong; In faith, I gave it to the judge's clerk… Click anywhere to show answer. Gratiano is defending himself to Nerissa when she demands to see the ring she gave him.
After Portia produces the ring, she can't resist another jab at Bassanio, saying that she got the ring when "the doctor lay with me. At the end of the play, Portia acknowledges that Bassanio and Gratiano still probably have questions about the events that have transpired. She promises to answer all their questions truthfully. In sooth, I know not why I am so sad. I, 1 No reason is given in the play for his melancholy. Is Shakespeare suggesting that the quest for material wealth is doomed to sadness and frustration.
Is this also true of Shylock? Characters Next Main Menu Antonio - 2 Antonio also possesses an incorrigible dislike of Jews, having kicked and spit on Shylock in the past. Antonio is beloved of his friends and ultimately proves merciful to Shylock, although he requires him to convert to Christianity.
In the end, Antonio learns to achieve happiness by risking all his material wealth for the sake of friendship. Bassanio is a key figure in both main plots: Bassanio, a suitor of Portia, must select the correct casket to win her hand. Characters Portia - Henry Woods, Next Main Menu Portia - 2 Although Portia delivers one of the most famous speeches in the play on the quality of mercy, she displays cruelty to Shylock when she awards half of his estate to the state and the other half to Antonio, as the Venetian whose life he threatened.
Critics who are sympathetic to Shylock sometimes see Portia as an example of Christian prejudice and cruelty. A greedy and bloodthirsty moneylender A clownish Jewish stereotype A tragic figure who is persecuted by a backwards society Shylock is despised as a moneylender, or usurer, but this was the only occupation a Jew could have in medieval Venetian society. I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes?
If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? III, 1 Shylock hates Antonio for cutting into his business—Antonio lends money at no interest, depriving Shylock of profit.
Signior Antonio, many a time and oft In the Rialto you have rated me About my moneys and my usances: Still have I borne it with a patient shrug, For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe. I, 3 Shylock says he has learned how to be vengeful from the Christians who have been vengeful to him. If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility? If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example?
The villainy you teach me, I will execute, and it shall go hard but I will better the instruction. While Elizabethan audiences probably viewed him as a comic character, most modern audiences are sympathetic to him because of the cruelty he has endured at the hands of Christians. His character alone adds tragic overtones to a play that would otherwise be classified as a comedy.
He is forced to convert to Christianity, give half of his possessions to Antonio and pay a fine. Is the sentence against Shylock fair?
Does the outcome of the trial confirm the philosophy expressed by Portia in her famous speech--that true justice must be measured with mercy? Does Shylock receive mercy? When Shylock discovers that she callously sold a ring given to him by his dead wife for a pet monkey, it prompts one of his most beautiful images: O, be thou damn'd, inexecrable dog!
IV, 1 Beg that thou mayst have leave to hang thyself: And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Therefore thou must be hang'd at the state's charge. A comical, clownish figure adept at puns.
GCSE Shakespeare | Character Revision, Merchant of Venice
Old Gobbo Launcelot Gobbo Delivers a comic soliloquy in II, 2, in which he tries to decide whether or not to run away from his master. Launcelot's tricks his blind father with confusing directions to Shylock's house.
Further tricks his father by telling him that his son Launcelot is dead. Jews were expelled from England in and were not permitted to return until On stage, Jews were usually characterized as evil, deceptive and greedy. Jews were also forced to live in a ghetto protected by Christians, supposedly for their own safety. Jews were usually depicted on stage in bright red wigs and hooked noses. Themes Next Main Menu Anti-Semitism - 2 One interpretation of the play is that Shakespeare intended to contrast the mercy of the Christian characters with the vengefulness of Shylock.
The conflict between Portia and Shylock in the trial scene can also be seen as the conflict between the vengeful, exacting God of the Old Testament, whose priority is Justice Shylock and the merciful God of the New Testament Portia.
Although Shylock is condemned for greed and dishonesty, the Christian characters can also be seen as hypocritical. Although Portia delivers a moving speech on the subject of mercy, her judgment against Shylock can be seen as cruel and barbaric. Shortly after Kristallnacht inThe Merchant of Venice was broadcast for propagandistic purposes over the German airwaves. Is a sympathetic reading of Shylock entirely due to changing attitudes among readers, or did Shakespeare intend this reading?
Themes Back Main Menu Deceptive Appearances - 1 The theme of deceptive appearances is emphasized by the riddle of the three caskets. II, 9 Bassanio chooses correctly because he recognizes the difference between outward appearances and inner worth: So may the outward shows be least themselves: The world is still deceived with ornament. Bassanio must use a false appearance to impress Portia. Shylock initially pretends to have altruistic motives in helping Bassanio, but in reality is planning his revenge against his enemy, Antonio.
Portia and Nerissa disguise themselves as men a Doctor of Law and her clerk in the trial scene. The men of Venice are deceived into obeying the judgment of a female from Belmont.
Love is seen as related to economic and legal concerns: Bassanio borrows money from Antonio to woo the wealthy Portia, so he can get out of debt. As is often the case in Shakespearean comedies, the play ends with multiple marriages Portia and Bassanio, Nerissa and Gratiano, and Jessica and Lorenzo. Themes Next Main Menu Love - 2 Antonio's mysterious depression in the opening line and complete devotion to Bassanio has led some critics to theorize that he is in love with Bassanio.
In this interpretation, Antonio is depressed because Bassanio is coming to an age where he will soon marry a woman. Some critics have inferred that Bassanio returns Antonio's affections, in spite of his obligation to marry: But life itself, my wife, and all the world Are not with me esteemed above thy life; I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all Here to this devil, to deliver you.
Ultimately, Antonio is rewarded with wealth his ships finally come inbut he is alone at the end of the play.
If the critics who believe he is in love with Bassanio at the beginning of the play are right, he achieves wealth, but loses love. Antonio and Bassanio Antonio loans Bassanio a large sum of money on his word that he will repay it. Bassanio is willing to give up everything to save Antonio: But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Are not with me esteem'd above thy life. IV, 1 Bassanio ultimately gives up the ring he received from Portia and promised never to remove.
The sacrifice of a symbol of love for his wife is the ultimate symbol of loyalty to his friend. Jessica not only rejects her religion by marrying a Christian and converting to Christianity, but she also steals money from Shylock. Fled with a Christian! O my Christian ducats! In the trial scene, both the Duke and Portia acknowledge that Shylock has the law on his side, but they expect him to show mercy.
Forced to give up his religion and possessions, Shylock has nothing left to live for. Is the final judgment against Shylock an example of Christian mercy, or is Shakespeare mocking the Christians as hypocritical? Themes Next Main Menu Mercy vs.
Revenge - 2 Although Elizabethans probably would have seen Shylock as both comic and despicable, his motives for revenge are validated in the play. Antonio has spit on him and insulted him, and vows that he will do so again, even after Shylock lends him the money for Bassanio. Shylock says he has learned how to hate from the Christians who hate him, and he vows to improve on their techniques.
The villainy you teach me I will execute, and it shall go hard but I will better the instruction. Shylock uses his wealth to bring his enemy, Antonio, to his knees. Portia is victimized by her wealth; her father has established her as a prize to be won by the cleverest suitor. Antonio uses his wealth as a way of showing affection to his friends and exerting power over his enemies. When Jessica marries a Christian and steals his money, he is at least as concerned with the loss of his ducats, as he is with the loss of his daughter.
II, 8 The final judgment against Shylock requires him to forfeit half of his possessions to Antonio and half to the state. To Shylock, the loss of his wealth is the equivalent of death: The audience becomes aware that he begins his transactions with a desire for revenge against Antonio for his practice of freely lending money 7. How does Lorenzo typically address Jessica?
With irony With sarcasm He does not speak to her Lorenzo enjoys talking about love, praising Jessica and playing romantic word games with her. He frequently uses terms of endearment when addressing her. He also dismisses her melancholic mood when it jars with the sweet music he has been praising 8. Antonio is a respected, successful merchant. Which of the following behaviours is at odds with his gentle — and genteel — demeanour?
His insistence upon loaning money without charging interest His treatment of Shylock in public His fondness for his young friend His refusal to be cheered at the beginning of the play Shylock reminds Antonio of the many occasions when the merchant spat on him.
That such an apparently gentle man would engage in physical marks of disrespect creates the sense that Anti-Semitism is thoroughly entrenched in sixteenth-century Venice. Antonio promises to continue to spit at Shylock in public despite the loan 9.
The Merchant of Venice – Interactive Study Guide
Which of the following is true of Nerissa? She explains to Portia how she might save Antonio She is typically silent She is able to lecture Portia gently She is fearful of Portia Nerissa is Portia's "waiting woman" and companion. Their relationship includes gentle teasing, wry humour and the occasional lecture from Nerissa What does Portia's trick with the ring achieve? She makes Bassanio confront his conflicted loyalties She gains greater respect from Bassanio She gains the gratitude of Antonio All of the above Portia unveils herself as Antonio's saviour, a clever strategist and someone who knows much more than her husband suspects.