The religious factor in social change : Max Weber and the Moravian Paradox - Persée
Theories on the relationship between religion and social change over the past decade have received significant new empirical inputs from developments in. Explaining this reality of change in the society and religion Weber he presented a hypothesis to show the connection between Protestantism and. Capitalism. However, the relationship between religious and secular cultures is not a one- way thing. Religion, too, can influence society to right what it perceives as social .
Neo-Marxists and the Social Action theorist Max Weber have argued that religion can be a force for social change. There are wide variety of opinions with Feminist thought as to the relationship between religion and social change. Some Feminists tend to side with the view that religion prevents social change. Other Feminists recognise the potential for religion to bring about social change.
This post considers some of the arguments and evidence against the view that religion prevents social change. Arguments and evidence for the view that religion prevents social change Functionalist thinkers Malinowski and Parsons both argued that religion prevents social change by helping individuals and society cope with disruptive events that might threaten the existing social order. Most obviously, religion provides a series of ceremonies which help individuals and societies cope with the death of individual members.
Marx believed that religion helped to preserve the existing class structure. According to Marx religious beliefs serve to justify the existing, unequal social order and prevent social change by making a virtue out of poverty and suffering.
Religion also teaches people that it is pointless striving for a revolution to bring about social change in this life. It did so by supporting existing economic and political elites, thus justifying the unequal social order. Weber pointed out that Capitalism developed first in England and Holland, taking off in the early 17th century early s. Just previous to Capitalism taking off, Protestantism was the main religion in these two countries, unlike most other countries in Europe at that time which were Catholic.
Analyse and evaluate the relationship between religion and social change
Thus the book is informative enough for the student of sociology and is readable enough for the non-sociologist. Kurtz discusses the challenges encountered by the world's religions and the responses they make to pluralism, modernism, and social conflict. I especially appreciated the discussion of religion's response to violence and the rise of feminism, both not inconsiderable issues in today's world, but seldom treated in previous texts.
I would have liked to have seen something about Sikhism, the dissemination of Native American tradition, and more about newer religions.
Any reader may have his or her own favorite. If all were included the book would be a library and probably not yet available. We can only hope for further work on religion from this author. Useful for the students of religion as well as of sociology and likely to provide fertile discussion.
This is the kind of book I longed to read for years. Vasquez, and Philip J. Williams Rutgers University Press resulted from a collaborative research project into responses of Protestant and Catholic religious communities in the Americas to the challenges of globalization. Contributors from the fields of religion, anthropology, political science, and sociology draw on fieldwork in Peru, El Salvador, and the United States to show the interplay of economic globalization, migration, and growing religious pluralism in Latin America.can religion cause social change?
Organized around three central themes-family, youth, and community; democratization, citizenship, and political participation; and immigration and transnationalism-the book argues that, at the local level, religion helps people, especially women and youths, solidify their identities and confront the challenges of the modern world.
Religious communities are seen as both peaceful venues for people to articulate their needs and forums for building participatory democracies in the Americas.
Finally, the contributors examine how religion enfranchises poor women, youths, and people displaced by war or economic change and, at the same time, drives social movements that seek to strengthen family and community bonds disrupted by migration and political violence. Williams Rutgers University Press Excerpt: Christianity wears many faces in Latin America and U.
Pentecostal preachers in central plazas and black-robed priests in cavernous cathedrals, peasants leading "celebrations of the word," and teenagers singing rock-and-roll anthems to Christ.
Amidst this diversity, certain common themes are evident. First, religion is changing but not disappearing.
Greater religious pluralism has not led to secularization or religion's retreat from public life.
Religion and Social Change ~ ReviseSociologyReviseSociology
If anything, religion has become more central to struggles around collective and individual identity and to the rearticulation of damaged civil societies. As these pressures are felt in everyday life, people often turn to an increasingly diverse religious sphere.
This book explores some of the complex links between religion and contemporary cultural, economic, and political changes in the Americas.